Cannabis






In 2011, Playboy magazine crowned the University of Colorado the nation's No. 1 party school, saying the Boulder campus "is home to reefer madness," thanks to its annual 4/20 smokeout and proximity to the city's ample medical marijuana dispensaries. Among the other selling points for Playboy's party-gauging editors: Boulder is a "beer drinker's paradise" and the campus is close to "dozens of world-class ski resorts," according to the magazine. CU's Boulder campus also was named the No. 1 party school in the country in 2003 by Princeton Review. Last year, Princeton Review -- which is not affiliated with Princeton University -- ranked CU No. 6 for "Reefer Madness," No. 13 for "Lots of Hard Liquor" and No. 16 for top "Party Schools."


Such lists long have irritated CU leaders, and Boulder campus spokesman Bronson Hilliard said Wednesday that Playboy's ranking gives an inaccurate picture of CU's total student experience.
Plus, he quipped, "I'm disappointed we didn't do better in Playboy's rankings of the atomic, molecular and optical physics programs -- which U.S. News and World Report ranks us as No. 1, tied with MIT."



On Thursday, the National Academy of Sciences put one more nail in the coffin with one of the most thorough reviews of the research to date: a massive, 396-page report on 10,000 research studies on marijuana, assessing therapeutic benefits and risk factors. The review, conducted by a panel of experts led by Harvard public health researcher Marie McCormack, is broken out into 100 different conclusions — many of which are just assessments of the current state of the research.

It is particularly significant, however, that the review states quite clearly that there is “conclusive or substantial evidence” that marijuana is effective for the treatment of chronic pain, as a tonic for nausea and vomiting in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, and in treating spasticity in multiple sclerosis patients.



Removing marijuana from Schedule I would require an act of Congress; federal regulators have repeatedly stymied efforts to downgrade weed to a less restrictive classification — and now we know why. VICE News obtained 118 pages of documents that show why the feds believe marijuana is not medicine, despite the fact that 25 states and Washington, D.C., now have medical marijuana laws on the books.

In August, the Drug Enforcement Administration rejected two petitions to reschedule cannabis, which would facilitate scientific research on the plant. The DEA ruled that marijuana has “no currently accepted medical use” and a “high potential for abuse.”



» ProCon.org: "Medical Studies Involving Cannabis and Cannabis Extracts (1990 - 2014)"




"CBD has become best known in recent years for its potential to treat those with intractable seizure disorders, specifically children with Dravet Syndrome or Lennox Gastaux Syndrome, and preliminary data from both anecdotal reports and recent clinical trials are promising. In a recent open-label trial in patients aged 1–30 with severe, intractable, childhood-onset, treatment-resistant epilepsy, Devinsky et al. (2016) reported that the median monthly frequency of motor seizures decreased from 30 per month at baseline to 15.8 per month during the treatment period in patients treated with Epidolex, a 98% purified CBD compound created by GW Pharma. CBD has also demonstrated promise in treating other conditions including chronic pain, multiple sclerosis (Giacoppo et al., 2015), and Huntington's disease (Consroe et al., 1991) as well as psychiatric and behavioral health conditions including anxiety (for review: Blessing et al., 2015) and psychosis (Zuardi et al., 2009; Leweke et al., 2012). Interestingly, some work suggests that CBD may have a pharmacological profile similar to that of antipsychotic medications (Zuardi et al., 2012)."




"The Hollywood sign got a little green over New Year's. A prankster managed to change the iconic sign overlooking Los Angeles early Sunday to read "Hollyweed," said L.A. Police Officer Christopher Garcia, who works in the agency's security service division. Betsy Isroelit with the Hollywood Sign Trust told CNN that the last time the sign was vandalized to read "Hollyweed" was in 1976."



Adam Eidinger is the founder of DCMJ, an organization that worked to pass Initiative 71, which legalized marijuana in Washington. Initiative 71 made it legal for anyone to carry up to two ounces of marijuana in the nation's capitol. But it can only be gifted -- it's not legal to sell it.

Protesters who are willing are also planning to light their joint on the National Mall four minutes and 20 seconds into Trump's presidency (420 is a code-term that refers to the consumption of weed). Eidinger is warning protestors who plan to smoke that it's illegal to do so on that property -- and are risking arrest.



Products that contain a cannabis-based ingredient called cannabidiol, or CBD, are to be classed as medicines by the UK medicines regulator from this year. The Medicines & Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) said it had looked at CBD because a number of manufacturing companies had been making "overt medicinal claims" about products.

Most people in the UK get their supplies online in an unregulated and potentially unsafe market, but the decision by the MHRA means manufacturers will now need to demonstrate their CBD products meet safety, quality and effectiveness standards.



Robert Hoban, a Colorado cannabis attorney and adjunct professor of law at the University of Denver, raised the notion that the rule itself may not be lawful. “This action is beyond the DEA’s authority,” Hoban told Leafly in an interview late this afternoon. “The DEA can only carry out the law, they cannot create it. Here they’re purporting to create an entirely new category called ‘marijuana extracts,’ and by doing so wrest control over all cannabinoids. They want to call all cannabinoids illegal. But they don’t have the authority to do that.”



"Anita Thompson, who married Hunter in 2003 two years before his suicide, said in a post on her Facebook page that she had found a legal method to extract the DNA from the author's personal marijuana and hashish stash that she had saved for 12 to 15 years.

"I am in the process of making the strains available to those who would like to enjoy the authentic Gonzo strains in legal states," she said in the post. "I am looking forward to making the authentic strains available in legal states to support the farm and the scholarships."

Thompson, who took over ownership of her late husband's 42-acre Owl Farm property in Colorado this year, told the newspaper that proceeds from the sales would go towards renovating the property and turning into a private museum and writer's retreat."



Super Silver Haze, bred by Green House Seeds, was the first prize winner at the High Times Cannabis Cup in 1997, 1998, and 1999. It also won awards at the High Times Harvest Festival. By crossing the genetics of Skunk, Northern Lights, and Haze, we are left with a beautiful, sticky sativa blend that boasts an energetic, long-lasting body high. The uplifting effects are a great remedy for high stress levels or when suffering from a lack of appetite or nausea.

Death Star is the potent cross of Sensi Star and Sour Diesel and has the shared sativa and indica effects of its parents. It has a mixed taste that combines sweet, skunk, and fuel aromas into a very potent fragrance that isn’t easy to hide. This strain may not have the ability to destroy planets, but it does have quite the powerful buzz. Effects can be slow to onset, but once they do, Death Star takes away all cares and replaces them with a state of relaxed euphoria. Great for daytime or nighttime use, this Ohio native now has fans throughout the galaxy.



http://startjuno.com/news/read/article/the_associated_press-recreational_pot_shops_licensed_in_oregon_now_set-ap

http://www.startjuno.com/news/read/article/the_associated_press-colorado_gives_marijuana_candy_a_new_look_to_avoid-ap

http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation-now/2016/10/01/yes-cannabis-infused-beer-real-thing-you-can-drink/91383358/

https://www.learngreenflower.com/articles/154/10-things-you-never-knew-about-cannabis-roots

http://readersupportednews.org/news-section2/318-66/39214-american-legion-asks-congress-to-reschedule-cannabis-as-vets-continue-to-suffer-under-war-on-drugs

http://patch.com/virginia/manassas/s/fvzrt/marijuana-missionaries-first-cannabis-church-rolls-into-michigan

https://www.rt.com/usa/317812-colorado-marijuana-pesticide-rules/

http://www.vox.com/2016/9/14/12064226/marijuana-legalization-election-vote-california-2016

http://www.boulderweekly.com/features/legalization-2016-the-order-of-battle/

http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2016/08/21/californias-illegal-marijuana-farms-force-cops-wield-green-stick/88868934/

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-09-13/the-pot-sommelier-weed-next-to-wine-at-the-dinner-table


Fentanyl
http://www.attn.com/stories/11287/fentanyl-maker-insys-therapeutics-donates-anti-marijuana-legalization-campaign

Methadone
?



Chem’s Sister, also known as Chem Sis, is a sativa-dominant variation of the classic Chemdawg strain. This phenotype first emerged in 1996 and has since evolved into the uplifting, long-lasting sativa we see on the market today. Her strong cerebral effects come coupled with a distinct skunky diesel aroma underscored by accents of sweet sandalwood and citrus. Over the course of her maturation, Chem Sis’s mint green buds burst with white hairs that darken with age.




"State licensing officials delivered a blow Friday to Denver’s voter-passed Initiative 300 by announcing a new rule that will keep bars and many restaurants from applying for new social marijuana use permits. The new regulation starting Jan. 1 will make clear that liquor licensees cannot allow the consumption of marijuana on their premises. It greatly expands the types of businesses that likely will be disqualified from applying for the new permits for on-site marijuana consumption areas when the city makes applications available in late January, as required by Initiative 300."



Grave M231 is hardly the only ancient cannabis-containing burial. The Turpan Basin has another Subeixi graveyard called the Yanghai cemetery, which is also dated to the first millennium B.C., according to a 2006 study in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology. One of its burials had a large supply of processed cannabis flowers in two containers — a coiled leather basket and a wooden bowl — that sat next to a male corpse, the 2006 study found.

“Apparently, medicinal — and possibly spiritual, or at least ritualistic — cannabis use was a widespread custom among Central Eurasian peoples during the first millennium before the Christian era,” the researchers wrote in the study.



"Scott’s is focusing on expanding its Hawthorne Gardening Company brand with the goal of becoming a “house of brands for hydroponic retailers and gardeners,” CEO James Hagedorn said in an earnings call earlier this year. He said Scott’s expects to invest as much as $300 million to pursue that goal.

The gardening company has been on a buying spree to make its pipe dreams come true. Last year, Scott’s shelled out about $120 million to purchase General Hydroponics, a California company that provides supplies to indoor marijuana growers. Scott’s also bought Vermicrop, which provides liquid plant food for hydroponic growing, for $15 million last year."



Cannabis Oil

» 3 Year Old Boy's Leukemia in Remission After Using Cannabis Oil
» "This Is The Cannabis Oil Recipe Rick Simpson Used To Heal His Cancer"





"Damian Marley has announced that he, in partnership with Ocean Grown Extracts, is converting a former 77,000 square foot California State prison into a cannabis grow space that will cultivate medical marijuana for state dispensaries. With their purchase of the Claremont Custody Center in Coalinga, CA for $4.1 million, Marley and his partners instantly relieved the economically-challenged Central Valley town of its roughly $3.3 million debt.

Marley and his partners are prepared for the "green rush" should California's Proposition 64 -- which would legalize cannabis for adult recreational use -- pass in November, as the polls seem to indicate it will. And California isn't alone in reconsidering marijuana's legality, either. Voters in seven other states will choose whether to legalize recreational and/or medical marijuana: Arizona, Maine, Massachusetts and Nevada could approve the use of recreational; while Arkansas, Florida, and North Dakota will decide on legalizing medical marijuana, a status the plant has been assigned in 25 states and the District of Columbia.

Marley's Coalinga facility will begin producing oil extracts in sixty days, and by this January will harvest its first crop. But Marley, like America, isn't limiting himself to California. Two weeks ago, in partnership with Colorado-based TruCannabis, he also launched Stoney Hill, a 3,000-square-foot dispensary in downtown Denver, just across from Mile High Stadium, along with a 30,000-square-foot grow space (pictured above), complete with RFID tags for each plant."



"The price tag starts at $5,000, and certification and the distinctive pesticide-free label both last one year. Hundreds of growers have inquired about the process, and more than a dozen are already in line for their first inspection. OCA hopes to complete at least five certifications in Colorado by year’s end, and enter other states where recreational cannabis is legal by early 2017. With the ability to charge a premium for their certified product—it’s unclear exactly how much more, but organic foods sell for an average of 47 percent more than conventional food, according to a recent study—growers like Josh Egle, founder of Denver Bud Company, say the process will pay for itself."

“The goal is to incentivize safe growing practices through market mechanisms,” OCA founder John-Paul Maxfield says. “Encouraging clean, sustainable and ultimately organic methods through certification will help create differentiation in the marketplace.”

“Nobody likes fucking chemicals. Nobody likes shitty practices that destroy the planet,” he adds. “The issue is, they don’t know about it.”







Through July, the industry has resulted in nearly $105.8 million in taxes and fees put toward state funds such as educational capital construction grants and health programs. Those year-to-date totals and the Colorado Legislative Council’s fiscal 2015-2016 revenue forecast of $135 million would only make up a sliver of the state’s $10 billion general fund and wouldn’t be enough to fully fill the $831 million K-12 education funding shortfall, also referred to as the “negative factor,” said Chris Stiffler, economist for the Colorado Fiscal Institute.

Colorado is on pace to record more than $40 million in retail marijuana excise taxes, which would then allow for additional funding to be used beyond capital construction, industry observers have said. Stiffler estimates that the marijuana tax revenue eventually will flatten out to around $140 million to $150 million per fiscal year.

“It’s in no way a saving grace for the budget,” he said. “We’re certainly seeing benefits, but in no way are we supplanting the cuts to K-12, roads and higher education.”



"A tiny Colorado town made national headlines this week after authorities told residents not to use the water, citing concerns that it had been contaminated with THC, the main psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. On Wednesday, the 700-strong town of Hugo, located roughly 100 miles from Denver in eastern Colorado, advised residents not to drink, bathe, or cook with the tap water, after multiple field tests came back positive for THC.

According to the Associated Press, tests concluded that there wasn’t any evidence of the marijuana chemical in the water, and the warning has been canceled. The sheriff’s office will conduct a criminal investigation into the suspected tampering in the community—since there was still evidence of forced entry—but the matter has been turned over to the Colorado Bureau of Investigation."



"According to new estimates from ArcView Market Research and New Frontier Data, though, two marijuana industry market research groups, Americans spent $5.4 billion on legal medical and recreational marijuana last year. That’s a lot of pot. In fact, that’s more than the $4.9 billion Americans spent on Doritos, Cheetos and Funyuns combined in 2015, although increased toking may have very well contributed to higher junk food sales.

California’s medical marijuana sales account for $1 billion of the $5.4 billion total. Colorado comes in at nearly $1 billion in legal marijuana sales and Washington more than half-billion dollars."




"Eastern tribes traditionally used Nicotiana rustica in their peace pipe but western tribes used kinnikinick. Cutler cites Edward S. Rutsch's study of the Iroquois, listing ingredients used by other Native American tribes: leaves or bark of red osier dogwood, arrowroot, red sumac, laurel, ironwood, wahoo, squaw huckleberry, Indian tobacco, Jamestown weed, black birch, cherry bark, corn, mullein; along with muskrat glands or oil, and other animal oil or rendered fat.

In regards to material used for smoking by the Ojibwa, Densmore records the following: The material smoked by the Chippewa in earliest times were said to be the dried leaves of the bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng.), and the dried, powdered root of a plant identified as Aster novae-angliae L. The latter was also smoked as a "charm" to attract game. Two sorts of bark were smoked, one being known as "red willow" (Cornus stolonifera Michx.) and the other as "spotted willow" (Cornus rugosa Lam.)."



"After analyzing more than 600 samples of bud provided by certified growers and sellers, LaFrate said he detected little medical value and lots of contamination. In Colorado's legal bud, the average THC level is 18.7 percent. The average CBD amount: 0.1 percent, his study reports. 'Really, there is very little difference between recreational and medical in terms of the THC-to-CBD ratio, at least at the aggregate level,' LaFrate said. 'Three decades of cross-breeding pot strains — done to meet a demand for stronger weed — generally elevated THC and decreased CBD in many marijuana varieties.'"



Nicholas V. Cozzi. "Effects of water filtration on marijuana smoke: a literature review." Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, 4, (2), 4-6 (1993).



"About 17 states across the country have passed decriminalization bills. While D.C.’s bill would be more progressive than many, it would not decriminalize smoking marijuana in public. The penalty would be a $25 fee. A January Washington Post poll showed for the first time 63 percent of District residents support legalizing marijuana."



"The Girl Scouts of Colorado issued a tweet expressing their disapproval of the situation. "If you are wondering, we don't allow our Girl Scouts to sell cookies in front of marijuana shops or liquor stores/bars" read the tweet."









Studies

» Gruber et al. "Splendor in the Grass? A Pilot Study Assessing the Impact of Medical Marijuana on Executive Function" Front. Pharmacol., 13 October 2016 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2016.00355

No comments: